October 25: Pablo Picasso was born in 1881

Portrait_de_Picasso,_1908
Picasso in 1908

Everything you can imagine is real.

There are painters who transform the sun into a yellow spot but there are others who with the help of their art and their intelligence transform a yellow spot into a sun.

Wikipedia

Born Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso
25 October 1881
Málaga, Spain
Died 8 April 1973 (aged 91)
Mougins, France
Resting place Château of Vauvenargues
Nationality Spanish
Education José Ruiz y Blasco (father),
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Known for Painting, drawing, sculpture, printmaking, ceramics, stage design, writing
Notable work Les Demoiselles d’Avignon(1907)
Guernica (1937)
The Weeping Woman (1937)
Movement Cubism, Surrealism
Spouse(s) Olga Khokhlova (1918–55)
Jacqueline Roque (1961–73)

Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the Bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces at the behest of the Spanish nationalist government during the Spanish Civil War.

Picasso, Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp are regarded as the three artists who most defined the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.

Picasso demonstrated extraordinary artistic talent in his early years, painting in a naturalistic manner through his childhood and adolescence. During the first decade of the 20th century, his style changed as he experimented with different theories, techniques, and ideas. His work is often categorized into periods. While the names of many of his later periods are debated, the most commonly accepted periods in his work are the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1904–1906), the African-influenced Period (1907–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919), also referred to as the Crystal period.

Exceptionally prolific throughout the course of his long life, Picasso achieved universal renown and immense fortune for his revolutionary artistic accomplishments, and became one of the best-known figures in 20th-century art.

Guernica:

ArtistPablo Picasso Year 1937 Type Oil on canvas Dimensions 349 cm × 776 cm (137.4 in × 305.5 in) Location Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Pablo Picasso
1937
Oil on canvas
Dimensions 349 cm × 776 cm
Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

Videos

Modern Masters – Pablo Picasso

★ Pablo Picasso Complete Documentary – The ★ Art Story

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon:

Les_Demoiselles_d'Avignon
Pablo Picasso – 1907 – Oil on canvas – Dimensions 243.9 cm × 233.7 cm – Museum of Modern Art, New York City

Quotes

The meaning of life is to find your gift. The purpose of life is to give it away.

Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up.

Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth.

Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life.

Others have seen what is and asked why. I have seen what could be and asked why not.

Ah, good taste! What a dreadful thing! Taste is the enemy of creativeness.

Only put off until tomorrow what you are willing to die having left undone.

The chief enemy of creativity is good sense.

Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist.

It takes a very long time to become young.

I am always doing that which I can not do, in order that I may learn how to do it.

The urge to destroy is also a creative urge.

What do you think an artist is? …he is a political being, constantly aware of the heart breaking, passionate, or delightful things that happen in the world, shaping himself completely in their image. Painting is not done to decorate apartments. It is an instrument of war.

Bad artists copy. Good artists steal.

Inspiration exists, but it has to find you working.

If I paint a wild horse, you might not see the horse… but surely you will see the wildness!

There are only two types of women: goddesses and doormats.

There is no abstract art. You must always start with something. Afterward you can remove all traces of reality.

Painting is just another way of keeping a diary.

Computers are useless. They can only give you answers.

I’d like to live as a poor man with lots of money.

God is really only another artist. He invented the giraffe, the elephant and the cat. He has no real style, He just goes on trying other things.

The world doesn’t make sense, so why should I paint pictures that do?

We all know that Art is not truth. Art is a lie that makes us realize truth at least the truth that is given us to understand. The artist must know the manner whereby to convince others of the truthfulness of his lies.

It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child.

If only we could pull out our brain and use only our eyes.

Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler:

Picasso_Portrait_of_Daniel-Henry_Kahnweiler_1910
Pablo Picasso – 1910 – Oil on canvas – 100.5 cm × 73 cm – Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago

October 12: Piero della Francesca passed away in 1492

piero-della-francescaA self-portrait, detail from The Resurrection

Wikipedia:

Birth name Piero della Francesca
Born 1415
Sansepolcro, Republic of Florence
Died October 12, 1492
Sansepolcro, Republic of Florence
Nationality Italian
Field Painting, Fresco
Movement Italian Renaissance
Works The Baptism of Christ
Flagellation of Christ
Brera Madonna

Piero della Francesca (c. 1415 – October 12, 1492) was a painter of the Early Renaissance. As testified by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives of the Artists, to contemporaries he was also known as a mathematician and geometer. Nowadays Piero della Francesca is chiefly appreciated for his art. His painting was characterized by its serene humanism, its use of geometric forms and perspective. His most famous work is the cycle of frescoes “The Legend of the True Cross” in the church of San Francesco in the Tuscan town of Arezzo.

Continue reading “October 12: Piero della Francesca passed away in 1492”

September 29: Caravaggio was born in 1571

carvaggio

“I am always learning.”
~Caravaggio

Caravaggio was probably the most revolutionary artist of his time, for he abandoned the rules that had guided a century of artists who had idealized both the human and religious experience. He can be said almost single-handedly to have created the Baroque style.
~caravaggio.org

Wikipedia:

Born Michelangelo Merisi or Amerighi
29 September 1571
Milan, Lombardy
Died 18 July 1610 (aged 38)
Porto Ercole, Tuscany
Known for Painting
Notable work See Chronology of works by Caravaggio
Movement Baroque
Patron(s) Cardinal Francesco Maria del Monte

Michelangelo Merisi (Michael Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (29 September 1571 in Milan – 18 July? 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1592 (1595?) and 1610. His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on Baroque painting.

Caravaggio trained as a painter in Milan under Simone Peterzano who had himself trained under Titian. In his twenties Caravaggio moved to Rome where there was a demand for paintings to fill the many huge new churches and palazzos being built at the time. It was also a period when the Church was searching for a stylistic alternative to Mannerism in religious art that was tasked to counter the threat of Protestantism. Caravaggio’s innovation was a radical naturalism that combined close physical observation with a dramatic, even theatrical, use of chiaroscuro which came to be known as tenebrism (the shift from light to dark with little intermediate value).

He burst upon the Rome art scene in 1600 with the success of his first public commissions, the Martyrdom of Saint Matthew and Calling of Saint Matthew. Thereafter he never lacked commissions or patrons, yet he handled his success poorly. He was jailed on several occasions, vandalized his own apartment, and ultimately had a death warrant issued for him by the Pope after killing a young man, possibly unintentionally, on May 29, 1606.

An early published notice on him, dating from 1604 and describing his lifestyle three years previously, recounts that “after a fortnight’s work he will swagger about for a month or two with a sword at his side and a servant following him, from one ball-court to the next, ever ready to engage in a fight or an argument, so that it is most awkward to get along with him.” In 1606 he killed a young man in a brawl and fled from Rome with a price on his head. He was involved in a brawl in Malta in 1608, and another in Naples in 1609, possibly a deliberate attempt on his life by unidentified enemies. This encounter left him severely injured. A year later, at the age of 38, he died under mysterious circumstances in Porto Ercole in Tuscany, reportedly from a fever while on his way to Rome to receive a pardon.

Famous while he lived, Caravaggio was forgotten almost immediately after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered. Despite this, his influence on the new Baroque style that eventually emerged from the ruins of Mannerism was profound. It can be seen directly or indirectly in the work of Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Bernini, and Rembrandt, and artists in the following generation heavily under his influence were called the “Caravaggisti” or “Caravagesques”, as well as tenebrists or tenebrosi (“shadowists”). The 20th-century art historian André Berne-Joffroy claimed: “What begins in the work of Caravaggio is, quite simply, modern painting.”

 

The Calling of St Matthew (Caravaggio)
The Calling of St Matthew (Caravaggio)

Supper at Emmaus
Supper at Emmaus

Videos

Caravaggios Secrets (55min)

Caravaggio (32min video with a lot of his paintings)

Caravaggio (1986 film – 1h32m)
British film directed by Derek Jarman. The film is a fictionalised re-telling of the life of Baroque painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio.

 

Inspiration of saint matthew 1602 - by Caravaggio
Inspiration of saint matthew 1602 – by Caravaggio

August 18: Roman Polanski was born in 1933

roman polanski

Cinema should make you forget you are sitting in a theater

Wikipedia:

Born Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański
18 August 1933 (age 82)
Paris, France
Residence France
Citizenship Polish (by birth) and French (by naturalization)
Alma mater National Film School in Łódź
Occupation Actor, director, producer, screenwriter
Years active 1954–present
Spouse(s)
  • Barbara Kwiatkowska-Lass(1959–1962; divorced)
  • Sharon Tate (1968–1969; her death)
  • Emmanuelle Seigner (1989–present)
Children 2 (daughter and son)


Roman Polanski (born Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański; 18 August 1933) is a Polish and, since 1976, naturalized-French film director, producer, writer, and actor. Having made films in Poland, the United Kingdom, France and the United States, he is considered one of the few “truly international filmmakers.” Polanski’s films have inspired diverse directors, including the Coen brothers, Wes AndersonDavid FincherAtom EgoyanDarren AronofskyPark Chan-wookSean DurkinAbel Ferrara, and Wes Craven.

Clive James interview

Clive James and Polanski chat rather casually about life in the ghetto and the murder of his wife Sharon Tate over escargot and wine. He shares that his interest in movies started when he lived in the Kraków Ghetto, when he was able to look through the barbed wire and see projections of newsreels in the square.

After his escape, he would frequent the cinema — ironically to watch German films, which he described as “lousy.” He goes on to say that one of the first films that “struck” him was Robin Hood, an American film. Once he got a taste, he began to read book after book on filmmaking.
~nofilmschool.com

roman polanski a film memoir

Roman Polanski: A Film Memoir (2011) – documentary

Quotes

In Paris, one is always reminded of being a foreigner. If you park your car wrong, it is not the fact that it’s on the sidewalk that matters, but the fact that you speak with an accent.

I can only say that whatever my life and work have been, I’m not envious of anyone-and this is my biggest satisfaction.

Normal love isn’t interesting. I assure you that it’s incredibly boring.

I don’t really know what is shocking. When you tell the story of a man who is beheaded, you have to show how they cut off his head. If you don’t, it’s like telling a dirty joke and leaving out the punch line.

My films are the expression of momentary desires. I follow my instincts, but in a disciplined way.

If you have a great passion it seems that the logical thing is to see the fruit of it, and the fruit are children.

You have to show violence the way it is. If you don’t show it realistically, then that’s immoral and harmful. If you don’t upset people, then that’s obscenity.

Whenever I get happy, I always have a terrible feeling.

Roman-Polanski

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Work Result
1965 Berlin Film Festival Silver Berlin Bear-Extraordinary Jury Prize Repulsion Won
1966 Berlin Film Festival Golden Bear Cul-de-sac Won
1968 Academy Award Best Screenplay Rosemary’s Baby Nominated
1974 Academy Award Academy Award for Best Director Chinatown Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Golden Globe Award for Best Director Won
British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Best Direction Won
1979 César Award César Award for Best Picture Tess Won
César Award for Best Director Won
Academy Award Best Director Nominated
Golden Globe Awards Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Film Won
Golden Globe Award for Best Director—Motion Picture Nominated
2002 Cannes Film Festival Palme d’Or The Pianist Won
British Academy of Film and Television Arts(BAFTA) Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Academy Awards Best Director Won
Best Picture Nominated
César Award César Award for Best Director Won
César Award for Best Film Won
2004 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival Crystal Globe for outstanding artistic contribution to world cinema Won
Argentine Film Critics Association Best Foreign Film The Pianist Nominated
2009 Zürich Film Festival Golden Icon Award Lifetime achievement Won
2010 Berlin Film Festival Silver Bear for Best Director The Ghost Writer Won
European Film Awards Best Film Won
Best Director Won
Best Screenwriter Won
Lumières Awards Best Director Won
Best Screenwriter Won
2011 César Award César Award for Best Director Won
César Award for Best Screenwriter Won
2014 César Award César Award for Best Film Venus in Fur Nominated
César Award for Best Director Won
César Award for Best Screenwriter Nominated

Other awards

New York Film Critics Circle Awards

  • 1980: Tess nominated for Best Direction
  • 1980: Tess nominated for Best Foreign Film
  • 1974: Chinatown nominated for Best Film
  • 1971: Macbeth nominated for Best Direction
  • 1971: Macbeth nominated for Best Film
  • 1965: Repulsion nominated for Best Direction
  • 1965: Repulsion nominated for Best Screenwriting

Venice Film Festival

  • 1966: Cul De Sac nominated for National Syndication of Italian Film Journalists
  • 1962: Knife in the Water won for Fipresci Prize

Gallery: Courtauld Gallery

the-courtauld-gallery

Located just off the Strand in the north wing of Somerset House, the Courtauld has one of Britain’s greatest collections of paintings, and contains many works of world importance. Although there are some outstanding works from earlier periods, the collection’s strongest suit is its holdings of impressionist and post-impressionist paintings.
~timeout.com

Video: Introduction to the Courtauld Gallery:

Wikipedia:

Courtauld Gallery
Courtauld Gallery logo.gif
Established 1932
Location Somerset House, The Strand, London WC2
Type art museum
Collection size 530 paintings, 26,000 drawings
Director Ernst Vegelin
Website http://www.courtauld.ac.uk/gallery/index.shtml

The Courtauld Gallery UK is an art museum in Somerset House, on the Strand in central London. It houses the art collection of the Courtauld Institute of Art, a self-governing college of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art. The Courtauld collection was formed largely through donations and bequests and includes paintings, drawings, sculptures and other works from medieval to modern times; it is particularly known for its French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings. In total, the collection contains some 530 paintings and over 26,000 drawings and prints. The Head of the Courtauld Gallery is Ernst Vegelin.

Continue reading “Gallery: Courtauld Gallery”